In general, diabetes mellitus (DM) occurs due to a sinful lifestyle, especially that causes the accumulation of accumulated blood sugar levels and is above the standard threshold that is chronic and long-term. Under normal conditions, glucose is the main source of energy for cells in the body that make up muscle as well as tissue, including for the brain, but if excess can be dangerous because it triggers blood sugar disease/diabetes.
Currently, Indonesia has been in the ranks of the top 10 diabetics in the world. At least until 2013 alone, an estimated 8.5 million people in Indonesia with an age range of 20-79 years have this disease. And unique, only less than 50% are aware that they are infected with this chronic and dangerous disease. Normal blood sugar levels for the human body are 70-130 mg/dl when fasting.
Learn more about Diabetes Symptoms and Types of Diabetes
Because the symptoms are similar to ordinary sick conditions, many people are unaware that they have this diabetes and even lead to complications. To ensure that a person has diabetes or not, it is necessary to diagnose a doctor through a blood check.
For ordinary people, at least you should know some of the symptoms that usually accompany this blood sugar disease as follows:
• Gradually lose weight
Losing weight is normal, but if it happens continuously, you need to be vigilant. Someone who is suspected of having diabetes usually experiences a drastic and significant weight loss. This is considered an early symptom of diabetes because glucose cannot be absorbed optimally by the body.
• Increased Appetite Due To Cells Need More Energy Intake
Could be, increased appetite experienced by someone is an early sign of diabetes. This happens because cells expect more glucose intake, and are sourced from food. However, the body is not in optimal condition and can metabolise adequately; this is what triggers ongoing hunger.
• The intensity of urination usually increases at night
Symptoms of diabetes are the most recognised by the public. Frequent and frequent urination is an early symptom of diabetes. When this happens, it is better to have a check-up immediately so that you can get immediate and quick treatment.
• Feeling Tingling or Numbness Due to Nerves Start to Damage
These symptoms occur if the blood sugar level is high enough. Tingling and numbness (numbness) in parts of the body such as feet, fingers, and hands are signs of being on the lookout for because diabetes can already show symptoms of an advanced stage. This occurs due to damage to nerve fibres.
• Decreased, Disturbed, and Blurred Vision
Increased glucose levels cause limited blood vessel fluid to enter the eye. Such circumstances can even make the lens of the eye change shape. But these characteristics can be lost if blood sugar decreases and is healthy.
• Wounds occur quickly and are hard to dry or heal
People with diabetes due to excessive sugar levels cause the body’s immune and immune system to become abnormal. If a person with diabetes has an open wound, it will be tough for the healing process.
• A Mushroom Infection Mainly Happens In The Mouth
A woman with diabetes is generally also accompanied by a fungal infection. This fungus will appear in some parts of the mouth, usually in the form of canker sores in the mouth, as well as diseases of the vagina, which are caused by the fungus candida.
Types of diabetes that occur in many people
Diabetes itself has two types, namely, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and each type has different characteristics between one patient with another. To get to know him, here is the full review.
1. Type 1 Diabetes mostly occurs in the age group under 40 years
The patient’s immune system attacks and destroys pancreatic cells that function to produce insulin. As a result, an increase in glucose levels so that there is further damage to specific body organs. Type 1 diabetes is found in many groups under the age of 40 years. Hence it is even referred to as childhood diabetes. The therapy is usually carried out by giving insulin injections as well as implementing healthy eating patterns, and of course, also running regular blood tests for sure.
2. Type 2 Diabetes Due to Lack of Insulin Production in the Body
This type is more common; 90 % of people with diabetes worldwide are suspected of having this type of diabetes. This is due to lack of insulin production in the body, so the body’s cells are less sensitive to insulin, the term insulin resistance. In general, this type of diabetes is also associated with obesity, although not necessarily someone who is obese can be sentenced to suffer from diabetes. But an increase in a person’s body mass index also increases the risk of diabetes. Generally, the afflicted are the elderly.
From the overall summary above, of course, the next thing to know is the cause of the occurrence of diabetes. What factors are those? The review below will give a complete picture.
Factors behind the emergence of diabetes, as well as treatment
In general, the causative factors for diabetes that attack a person can be classified into two, namely causative factors that can be controlled and which cannot be controlled (natural/hereditary factors).
1. Cause, Unmodified, Uncontrollable (Natural / Native)
These causes are causes that have existed since birth and cannot be changed, which include:
• Age Factors Make Pancreas Organs Reduce Function
Decreased organ function due to ageing is one of the main aspects of diabetes due to ageing. This is because pancreatic organs that normally work in producing insulin have decreased function. Therefore, it is highly recommended for those over the age of 45 to check their blood sugar levels regularly.
• Baby’s Weight Gain at Birth (too heavy / too small)
Baby’s weight at birth is also often suspected as one of the conditions, which are the benchmark for diabetes. For babies weighing more than 4000 grams, the risk of causing the child to develop diabetes. Likewise, if the baby’s weight is below 2500 grams, there is a risk that as an adult, the child will get diabetes later.
• Hereditary or Genetic Factors Are Higher Risk of Diabetes
Diabetes offspring are very likely to develop diabetes later too. Therefore, if there is a history of diabetes among family members, it is possible to increase a person’s diabetes.
1. Factors that can be modified/controlled
A person’s lifestyle causes the second factor. Some of them are:
• Smoking habit
Besides smoking is bad for breathing, it is also dangerous for people with diabetes. The best way, of course, is to reduce and stop this habit.
• Obesity or Overweight
Although not one thing that is certain, an increase in body mass index also affects the likelihood of someone is contracting diabetes.
• Unhealthy Diet (likes to eat sweet/high carbohydrate foods)
Foods that contain sugar, but are low in fibre are suspected to be a source of food and contribute to the possibility of diabetes being higher for someone.
• Rarely and Lazy to Exercise
Passive conditions, lack of movement, and laziness to exercise make the body very at risk for diabetes.
• Patients with hypertension are at risk of diabetes
Hypertension is also thought to have contributed to the high number of diabetics as part of a modifiable factor.
• High Cholesterol Levels
Levels of HDL (good fat) less than 35 mg / dL, and triglyceride levels of more than 250 mg / dL are suspected to be contributors to diabetes. Therefore paying attention to cholesterol levels is one important thing.
• PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
This condition usually occurs in women. Characterised by irregular menstrual cycles, as well as significant hair growth in the arms, moustache and obesity.
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Diabetes Is Incurable, and It Can Only Be Controlled
Diabetes, like other internal diseases, is a type of deadly disease that can not be cured and can only be controlled. Improper handling will make the patient’s condition deteriorate and risk of death. Some diabetes therapies that are recommended to be done to improve the quality of sufferers include the following:
• Running sports routines, utin check blood sugar levels
• If injuries occur, do wound care according to doctor’s instructions
• Run insulin injections and regulate dietary patterns.
Appropriate treatment of diabetics, especially for those who have not contracted this disease, is highly recommended. This is because the long-term and permanent nature of the condition needs to be taken seriously. For those who are already sick, the consumption of prescription drugs for triggering insulin and a decrease in blood sugar levels must be done routinely and in a disciplined manner.