5 things you need to know about diabetes

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Increasingly varied food and surrounded by unhealthy lifestyles, making people, primarily urban communities, more potentially affected by diabetes. Even diabetes doesn’t know whether someone has a thin or fat body.

This disease can happen to anyone because many people do not realise that they have developed diabetes.

Diabetes, in general, is a condition of the body that does not have an adequate supply of insulin, so the body is unable to undergo its function to process foods that contain sugar, carbohydrates, fats and starch.

But there are some facts about diabetics that you need to know. Early detection also needs to be done if you have some characteristics of diabetes.

1. Skinny or fat is not a benchmark

If you have a lineage that is potentially affected by diabetes, one must be more careful in maintaining diet and lifestyle. Because diabetes does not see a person’s thin body or fat.

So that diabetes not only attacks people who are obese, but a body size that looks thin can also have potential. Many events where a person often does not realise that he has been affected by diabetes. They only understand this disease when it is severe.

So if you already have some of the characteristics of diabetes, or have a lineage that has the potential to reduce diabetes, it helps you check your blood sugar once every two months. This can be a preventive effort from diabetes.

2. Recognise the characteristics of diabetes as early as possible

Because many unconscious people already have diabetes, it helps you recognise the standard features of diabetes.

Often sleepy, tingling and frequent back and forth to urinate? It may be that you have to check your blood sugar regularly because all three of these characteristics can be an early symptom of diabetes.

For sufferers, the sugar carried in the blood is difficult to be adequately absorbed by the body, so much sugar is wasted in the urine. This makes a person urinate frequently and often feel sleepy.

So even though people with diabetes consume large amounts of food, they still lack the energy to move. This lack of power makes the insulin hormone no longer active and makes the body quickly tired, thirsty and hungry.

This dysfunction of sugar absorption in the body can also make you experience a drastic weight loss. Within 1-2 months, weight for people with diabetes can go down to 10 kilograms. The body does not have enough stored fat and sugar to be released into energy.

Have open sores on the feet and heels that are difficult to heal? People with diabetes must also be careful if you have these wounds. Because this wound will experience a complicated and lengthy healing process. If not treated properly, this open wound will quickly become infected. Use footwear to avoid injury to your foot area.

3. Diabetes triggers complications of other diseases

People with diabetes are known to have the potential for heart disease and damage to the eyes. Damage to the eye can be in the form of eye disorders with increasingly unclear or blurred vision.

Disorders of the eye occur because glucose levels in the body are increasing; it can restrict the fluid of blood vessels to enter the eye. Even in this situation, it has the potential to change your lens into a deformed shape.

Bladder infections can also affect people with diabetes, especially women. This happens because glucose levels are not appropriately processed by the body so susceptible to bladder infections.

Not only that, because there is dysfunction in the sweat glands that inhibits blood circulation making the skin of people with diabetes potentially affected by irritation, itching and scaling. Pale and dry skin colour also occurs due to peripheral nerve damage or peripheral neuropathy.

4. Checking blood sugar and injecting insulin

Monitoring blood sugar and injecting insulin for diabetics is a natural thing to do. This is done to control the blood sugar that is in your body.

A good time to do blood sugar checks, usually done before eating and before going to bed. This is done to get the actual blood sugar levels.

In general, diabetes is also divided into two types. People with type 1 diabetes can not produce their insulin, so they must be injected insulin into their bodies. While people with type 2 diabetes, can still be regulated by going on a diet to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

People with type 2 diabetes also sometimes consume pills that trigger the body to produce insulin, but if these pills and diabetic diets are increasingly unsuccessful, insulin injection becomes the next option.

But these two types don’t make type 1 sound worse. Because both equally cause severe complications of the disease, as previously described. So monitoring blood sugar levels, eating good food and exercising are the keys of people with diabetes to fight the disease.

5. Type 2 diabetes has no symptoms

People with type 2 diabetes often do not show significant signs; this is what makes some people too late to find out they have diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, a person will become tired quickly and urinate frequently.

Half of the people with type 2 diabetes also have respiratory problems during sleep. So if you or your partner snores very loudly, try to do a blood sugar test. People with diabetes with respiratory disorders usually release stress hormones so that this activity can increase one’s blood sugar.

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